GPS-related Resources

2. GPS-related Resources

2.1.GPS-related Websites

GPS . Gov

Navigation Center US Coast Guard

Geospatial Solutions GPS

GPS Maniac

GPS Vendors (in-vehicle navigation & personal recreation)

GlobalSat GPS and Dataloggers

GPS Dataloggers










GPS Software

GPS Training & Tutorials

Most of the main vendors have a GPS tutorial site and some offer training courses.



GPS, Cell Phone, Real-time Motion websites

MIT’s SENSEable City Lab

The real-time city is now real! The increasing deployment of sensors and hand-held electronics in recent years is allowing a new approach to the study of the built environment. The way we describe and understand cities is being radically transformed - alongside the tools we use to design them and impact on their physical structure. Studying these changes from a critical point of view and anticipating them is the goal of the SENSEable City Laboratory, a new research initiative at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Cabspotting project

Cabspotting traces San Francisco's taxi cabs as they travel throughout the Bay Area. The patterns traced by each cab create a living and always-changing map of city life. This map hints at economic, social, and cultural trends that are otherwise invisible


GPS Solutions

2.2.GPS articles (selected)

Human Tracking via GPS

Ahsbrook D, Starner T. 2003. Using GPS to learn significant locations and predict movement across multiple users. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 7: 275-286. (paper available at
Barnett, A., & Cerin, E. (2006). Individual calibration for estimating free-living walking speed using the MTI monitor. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38(4), 761-767.
Duncan MJ, Mummery WK, Dascombe BJ. 2007. Utility of global positioning system to measure active transport in urban areas. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39(10): 1851-1857.
Duncan MJ, Mummery WK. 2007. GIS or GPS? A Comparison of two methods for assessing route taken during active transport. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 33(1):51-53.
Elgethun K, Fenske RA, Yost MG, Palcisko GJ. 2003. Time-location analysis for exposure assessment studies of children using a novel global positioning system instrument. Environmental Health Perspectives 111:115-22.
Elgethun K, Yost MG, Fitzpatrick CT, Nyerges TL, Fenske RA. 2007. Comparison of global positioning system (GPS) tracking and parent-report diaries to characterize children's time-location patterns. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 17:196-206.
Ermes, M., Parkka, J., Mantyjarvi, J., & Korhonen, I. 2008. Detection of daily activities and sports with wearable sensors in controlled and uncontrolled conditions. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, 12(1), 20-26.
Le Faucheur A, Abraham P, Jaquinandi V, Bouye P, Saumet JL, Noury-Desvaux B. 2007. Study of human outdoor walking with a low-cost GPS and simple spreadsheet analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39(9):1570-1578.
Le Faucheur A, Abraham P, Jaquinandi V, Bouye P, Saumet JL, Noury-Desvaux B. 2008. Measurement of walking distance and speed in patients with peripheral arterial disease: a novel method using a GPS. Circulation 117:897-904.
Michael K, McNamee A, Michael MG, Tootell H. 2006. Location-based intelligence – modeling behavior in humans using GPS. Proceedings of the International Symposium on technology and Society, New York, June 2006 (Paper available online at
Ohmori N, Nakazato M, Harata N, Sasaki K, Nishii, K. 2005. Activity diary survey using GPS mobile phones and PDA presented at the 85th TRB Annual Meeting CD-ROM, 06-3039 (Paper available online at
Phillips ML, Hall TA, Esmen NA, Lynch R, Johnson DL. 2001. Use of global positioning system technology to track subject's location during environmental exposure sampling. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 11:207-215.
Nusser SM, Intille SS, Maitra R. 2006. Emerging technologies and next-generation intensive longitudinal data collection. Chapter 11 in Walls TA, Schafer JL (Editors) Models for Intesive Longitudinal Data. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press,
Rainham D, Krewski D, McDowell I, et al. 2008. Development of a wearable global positioning system for place and health research. International Journal of Health Geographics (available online at
Rodriguez DA, Brown AL, Troped PJ. 2005. Portable global positioning units to complement accelerometry-based physical activity monitors. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise 37:572-81.
Schutz Y, Weinsier RL, Hunter GR. 2001. Assessment of free-living physical activity in humans: an overview of currently available and proposed new measures. Obesity Research 9(6), 368-379.
Terrier P, Ladetto Q, Merminod B, Schutz Y. 2000. High-precision satellite positioning system as a new tool to study the biomechanics of human locomotion. J Biomechanics, 33(12), 1717-1722.
Townshend AD, Worringham CJ, Stewart IB. 2008. Assessment of speed and position during human locomotion using nondifferential GPS. Medicine & Scence in Sports Exercise, 40(1):124-132.
Troped PJ, Oliveira MS, Matthews CE, Cromley EK, Melly SJ, Craig BA. 2008. Prediction of activity mode with global positioning system and accelerometer data.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(5): 972-978.
Wiehe SE, Carroll AE, Liu G et al. 2008. Using GPS-enabled cell phones to track the travel patterns of adolescents. International Journal of Health Geographics 7:22 (available online at

GIS Privacy and Confidentiality Issues

Gutmann MP, Stern PC (Editors). 2007. "Putting People on the Map: Protecting Confidentiality with Linked Social-Spatial Data," National Academies/National Research Council (view the Executive Summary at

Armstrong MP. 2002. Geographic information technologies and their potentially erosive effects on personal privacy. Studies in the Social Science 27:19 –28.
Armstron MP, Ruggles AJ. 2005. Geographic information technologies and personal privacy. Cartographica 40:63-73.
Armstrong MP, Rushton G, Zimmerman DL. 1999. Geographically masking health data to preserve confidentiality. Statistics in Medicine 18:497-525.

Boulos MNK, Cai Q, Padget JA, Rushton G. 2006. Using software agents to preserve individual health data confidentiality in micro-scale geographical analyses. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 39(2):160-170.
Kwan M-P, Casas I, Schmitz BC. 2004. Protection of geoprivacy and accuracy of spatial information: how effective are geographic masks. Cartographica 39:15-28.
Leitner M,Curtis A. 2006. A first step towards a framework for presenting the location of confidential point data on maps - results of an empirical perceptual study.International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 20(7): 813-822.
Michael K, McNamee A, Michael MG. 2006. The emerging ethics of humancentric GPS tracking and monitoring. Proceedings of the International Conference on Mobile Business, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 2006 (Paper available online at
Rindfuss RR. 2002. Conflicting demands: confidentiality promises and data availability. IHDP Update 02/2002, 1-4.
VanWey LK, Rindfuss RR, Gutmann MP, Entwisle B, Balk DL. 2005. Confidentiality and spatially explicit data: concerns and challenges. PNAS October 2005 102 (43):15337-15342.